The Oath of Office

"So help me God" - not uttered until 1881

Washington never said it, nor did Lincoln
Paul Brandus (Jan. 20, 2013)

The oath of office of the President of the United States is required by the Constitution before the President enters office. As specified in Article Two, Section One, Clause Eight:

"Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:

'I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.'"

Presidents today add the phrase "So help me God," though the Constitution does not require them to do so. There is no record of any president using the term until Chester Arthur was sworn in following the death of President James Garfield in September 1881.

-Paul Brandus

15 March 2013 09:27am
Employer and managerial control within an organization rests at many levels and has important implications for staff and productivity alike, with control forming the fundamental link between desired outcomes and actual processes. Thanks.
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